GS PAPER II NEWS
Why in News
- Fisheries project has been started in Lamhai Dunki village of Peren district in Nagaland to generate self-employment under the North East Rural Livelihood Project by the Department of Fisheries in collaboration with the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region. The project is being implemented in Lamhai Dunki village of Peren in Nagaland.
- The sanctioned cost of this project is Rs. 334.00 lakh and the share of North Eastern Council is Rs. 300.60 lakh and State’s share is Rs. 33.40 lakh.
- The project aims to improve the socio-economic status of the rural population, create sustainable employment opportunities for rural communities and unemployed youth through fisheries related activities.
- The basic objective of the project is to promote modern scientific technologies for effective management and optimum utilization.
- The average fish production through this project is about 30753 kg and the annual turnover of this sector is about Rs 430 lakh.
- This project will increase the total fish production of the state manifold, generate self-employment opportunities for the local people and bridge the gap between demand and supply of fish.
GS PAPER II
Armed forces Flag Day
Why in News
- Armed Forces Flag Day is celebrated every year on 7 December in India.
- Armed Forces Flag Day is being celebrated in India on 7th December every year since 1949.
- We celebrate this day to honor the soldiers who have fought bravely on the borders to protect the honor of the country.
- Armed Forces Flag Day is also celebrated for the purpose of welfare of Indian Armed Forces personnel.
- On this day money is collected from the people of India for the brave personnel of the armed forces and this money is also used for the welfare of the families of the soldiers.
- Various programs are organized by the Indian Army, Indian Air Force and Indian Navy on this day.
- Later the money collected from these programs is put in the ‘Armed Army Flag Day Fund’.
- With this, many assistance works should be done smoothly for the soldiers and their families.
- A committee was constituted on 28 August 1949 under the chairmanship of the then Defense Minister of India. The committee decided to celebrate Flag Day on 7 December every year.
- This day is mainly celebrated to distribute flags to the people and collect money from them.
- People across the country distribute small flags and car flags in red, dark blue and light blue to represent the three services in exchange for money. This day is celebrated annually in India on 7th December since 1949.
GS PAPER II
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission
Why in News
- Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India and Flipkart have signed an MoU for Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission.
- This MoU between the Ministry of Rural Development and Flipkart will help empower local businesses and self-help groups by bringing them under the ambit of e-commerce.
- In line with the objective of strengthening the capacities of rural communities for participatory self-employment and entrepreneurship.
- Thus, it gives further impetus to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a self-reliant India.
- Part of Flipkart Samarth Program
- It is a part of Flipkart Samarth programme. It was signed with the aim of providing access to the national market to the skilled and under-served communities of weavers, craftsmen and artisans using the Flipkart Marketplace.
- It will also provide them with dedicated support for knowledge and training.
- The Flipkart Samarth program seeks to break down entry barriers for local communities by providing time-bound incubation and support with onboarding, marketing, business insights, cataloging, account management and warehousing.
- This will increase the opportunities for trade and business inclusion as well as help in creating and sustaining better livelihood opportunities.
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission Program
- It is a poverty alleviation project, which is implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development.
- The project focuses on promoting self-employment and organization of the poor in rural India.
- It tries to organize the poor into self-help groups and enable them to be self-employed.
- The Ministry of Rural Development in the year 1999 restructured the ‘Integrated Rural Development Programme’ and launched the Swarna Jayanti Gramin Swarozgar Yojana to promote self-employment among the rural poor.
- Swarna Jayanti Gramin Swarozgar Yojana has now been converted into National Rural Livelihood Mission.
- The National Rural Livelihoods Mission was launched in the year 2011 with a budget outlay of $5.1 billion.
GS PAPER III
AK-203 assault rifles
Why in News
- 5 lakh AK-203 assault rifles capable of hitting targets up to 300 meters will be manufactured with the help of Russia at Korwa in Amethi, Uttar Pradesh. For this, an important agreement has been signed between India and Russia on 06 December 2021.
- Under this agreement, five lakh AK 203 rifles will be manufactured under Make in India in Amethi, Uttar Pradesh.
- Defense Minister Rajnath Singh and Russian counterpart Sergei Shoigu signed the agreement.
- The project is part of a joint venture between India and Russia. Initially Russia was not ready for technology transfer but has now agreed.
- However, due to its slow process, first 70 thousand Russian-made rifles will be supplied to India. Simultaneously, the process of manufacturing rifles will start in Amethi.
- Its supply to the army will start in 32 months from the start of the process.
- This project will be known as Indo-Russian Joint Private Limited. The rifle is being manufactured jointly by Advance Weapons and Equipment India Limited, Munitions India Limited and Russia’s Rosoboron Export and Conkorn Kalashnikov.
- This project will provide business opportunities for supply of raw materials and components to various Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and other defense industries and will create new employment opportunities on a large scale.
Features of AK-203 Rifle
- The AK-203 rifle can be used both automatic and semi-automatic. It has a range of about 800 meters and magazines up to 30 rounds.
- The AK-203 assault rifle is set to replace the INSAS rifle, which has been in operation for more than three decades.
- The AK-203 assault rifle will replace the INSAS rifle. It is designed in such a way that it is lightweight as well as easy to operate. Its use will further increase the combat capability of the soldiers.
- The AK-203 assault rifle is capable of hitting targets located at a distance of 300 meters. The AK-203 assault rifle uses a 7.62×39mm bullet.
- The weight of AK-203 assault rifle without magazine is about 3.8 kg. AK-203 assault rifle is light weight and advanced technology rifle.