Daily Current Affairs for 4th June 2022

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Puneet Sagar Campaign

why in discussion

• NCC has launched the latest phase of its nationwide flagship campaign ‘Puneet Sagar Abhiyan’ on 30th May 2022 and will continue till 5th June 2022, World Environment Day.

main point

• About 74,000 cadets from 10 states and 4 union territories will participate in the latest phase of this campaign.
• Along with these NCC cadets, NCC alumni, local people and tourists will also join the campaign at many places across the country.
• The waste collected during this campaign will be disposed of in an eco-friendly manner in collaboration with government/private agencies.
• Puneet Sagar Abhiyan launched by NCC to clean up plastic and other waste present in beaches and other water bodies including rivers and lakes and to raise awareness among local population about importance of keeping beaches and river banks clean was done.
• The objective of this campaign is to make the local people aware about ‘Clean India’ and make them aware of it.
• The campaign is continuing with full enthusiasm since its inception in December 2021. During this campaign, drawing, poster making, essay writing, poetry, article writing, debate competition etc. are also being organized at various places.
Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)

why in discussion

• National Health Authority (NHA) has announced the successful integration of e-Sanjeevani with its flagship scheme- Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).
main point
• This integration enables existing users of e-Sanjeevani, a telemedicine service of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, to easily create their Ayushman Bharat Health Account (ABHA) and access and manage their existing health records such as medical consultations, lab reports, etc. provides the facility.
• Users will also be able to share their health records with doctors on e-Sanjeevani which will help in better clinical decision making and ensure continuity of care.
• ABDM aims to build digital highways to connect existing digital health solutions and stakeholders in India.
• Integration of e-Sanjeevani with ABDM is one such example where 22 crore ABHA holders can directly link and store their health records created through e-Sanjeevani in the health locker of their choice.
• Users can share their pre-linked health records with doctors on e-Sanjeevani, making the entire consultation process paperless.
E-Sanjeevani Service
• The e-Sanjeevani service is available in two variants. The first is e-Sanjeevani Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Center (AB-HWC)- Doctor-to-Doctor Telemedicine service through which beneficiaries visiting HWC can connect with Doctors/Specialists/Hospitals/Medical Colleges who are tertiary healthcare facility can be in. It enables the government to provide general and specialized health services in rural areas and isolated communities.
• The second variant, e-Sanjeevani OPD is serving patients across the country, directly connecting them with doctors at the comfort of their homes. Both the variants- e-Sanjeevani AB-HWC and e-Sanjeevani OPD have been integrated with the ABDM platform.
• The e-Sanjeevani telemedicine platform now joins another 40 digital health applications that are linked to ABDM.
Liquid mirror telescope

Why in discussion

• India’s first Liquid Mirror Telescope has been commissioned over a hill shrine in Uttarakhand.
main point
• There is still time to get the results from the Hi-Tech telescope installed in Devasthal of Nainital, but it is in the headlines because of the world record.
• Aryabhata Observational Science Research Institute has achieved a historic achievement in the field of astronomy.
• Astronomers have succeeded in setting up the first International Liquid Mirror Telescope with a diameter of four meters at Devasthal.
• Canada, Belgium, Poland and Uzbekistan have assisted in the establishment of this telescope, including India.
• The cost of this joint project of all countries is said to be around 50 crores.
• This telescope will be used to study celestial bodies like stars, space debris and satellites.
• Through this telescope, the research of many unresolved space topics including star clusters, discovery of celestial bodies, galaxies, binary stars, gravitational lens system will be carried forward.
Liquid mirror telescope
• Liquid Mirror Telescope is used for long study in the celestial sphere. Due to the use of mercury in the lens, it works on the lines of a mirror.
• The light returning after colliding with it is captured and studied in the camera, hence it is called Liquid Mirror Telescope.
• Under this, a constellation or groups are monitored for five years. This will give an opportunity to know the universe more closely.
• Astronomers from India have developed this telescope in collaboration with experts from Canada and Belgium.
• Many galaxies can be seen from this telescope, established at an altitude of 2450 meters above sea level.
• The construction work of this telescope started in the year 2017. With the help of this telescope, the movement in space can be monitored.
• A lot of data can be collected from this telescope. Let us tell you that this telescope will be able to get accurate data of transit between two objects in space.
• With this telescope, information about the changes in the size of galaxies will be available. Apart from flying objects in the sky, events like meteor showers will be able to be captured in the camera.
• This telescope will prove to be helpful in gathering the density, temperature and other fine information of any star.
New name of turkey

Why in discussion

• Turkey has decided to change its official name. Switurki has decided to change its official name to the United Nations’ recent request to change the name of Turkey.
Main point
• The United Nations has recently accepted the request to change the name of Turkey. Turkey has now been renamed as Turkiye in the United Nations.
• According to UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevtul Kavusoglu wrote a letter to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
• In this letter, a request was made to change the name of Turkey to ‘Turkey’. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan decided to rename Turkey in February.
• Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said in February that Turkey’s name had been changed to reveal its true image. He said that with the name Turkiye, the country seems to be associated with history.
• President Erdogan said that the name Turkiye represents culture and civilization. Let us tell you that in the crabbing dictionary Turkey means something that has failed miserably.
• Actually, Turkey is called Turkey in English. Turkey also means fool.
• This word is also used as a failure.
• Turkey is also the name of a bird. It is eaten in western countries. Because of this Turkey had to face inferiority complex and sometimes there were misunderstandings.
• Government wants to make Turkey a brand name in the world. The main reason for this is also that the word Turkey or Turkish is considered negative according to the language there.
• For this reason, the citizens here have been calling it ‘Turkey’ since the declaration of Turkey’s independence in the year 1923.
Examples from other countries
• Some time ago the Netherlands removed the name ‘Holland’ to make its image easier in the world. Apart from this, Macedonia also changed its name to ‘North Macedonia’.
• Persia changed its name to ‘Iran’ in the year 1935. Earlier Thailand used to be Siam and Rhodesia was changed to Zimbabwe.
• According to Turkey’s Directorate of Communications, it has launched a campaign to more effectively promote the use of ‘Turkey’ as the country’s national and international name on international platforms.
• The Turkish government had stopped writing the name of its country Turkey since last year. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan ordered that from now on, ‘Turkey’ should be written instead of Turkey.

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