Daily Current Affairs for 28th Oct 2023

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What is Bidenomics?

Why in the news?

Recently, the Biden administration has been negotiating a major infrastructure bill with Congress.

  • This bill is seen as a key part of Bidenomics, and its passage would be a major victory for the administration.

What is meant by the term Bidenomics?

  • Bidenomics is the term used to describe the economic policies of the Biden administration.
  • These policies are generally characterised by a focus on investing in infrastructure, clean energy, and social programmes, as well as raising taxes on corporations and the wealthy.

The goal of Bidenomics is to create a more equitable and sustainable economy that benefits all Americans.


GS Paper: II

Cancer in Mizoram: A Growing Concern

Why in the news?

A recent study published in The Lancet Regional Health in Southeast Asia found that Mizoram has the highest cancer incidence rate in India.

What are the other findings?

  • It also found that cancer incidence and mortality have been consistently increasing in the state over the past 18 years.
  • Stomach and lung cancer are the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among men and women, respectively.
  • The study also found that cancer incidence and mortality are growing among the younger generation in Mizoram.

Possible causes of the high cancer rate in Mizoram:

  • Static lifestyle: The Mizoram population is becoming increasingly sedentary, which is a known risk factor for cancer.
  • Dietary patterns: The Mizoram diet is high in processed foods and low in fruits and vegetables, which is also a known risk factor for cancer.
  • Genetic predisposition: The Mizoram population is endogamous, meaning that there is a high degree of intermarriage within tribal groups. This can lead to an increased risk of genetic diseases, including cancer.
  • Other factors also include a lack of awareness and resources among the people of Mizoram.

It is important to note that addressing the cancer burden in Mizoram will require a concerted effort from the government, healthcare system, and community. By working together, we can make a difference in the lives of cancer patients and their families.

Do You Know?

  • Mizoram is the second least populated state, while “Sikkim” is the least populated state in India.



Indian Naval Personnel Death Sentence in Qatar

Why in the news?

The recent death sentence given to eight former Indian Navy personnel by a court in Qatar is likely to have a significant impact on India-Qatar trade relations.

About the Case:

  • The death sentence verdict against eight former Indian Navy personnel by a court in Qatar is deeply shocking, especially given that the charges against them have not been formally made public.
  • The fact that the charges are related to espionage is even more concerning, as this could have a significant impact on India-Qatar trade relations.

How could the death sentence case impact India-Qatar trade relations?

  • Liquid Natural Gas (LNG): Qatar could retaliate against India by imposing new trade restrictions or by raising prices for LNG. India’s largest LNG importer, Petronet LNG, has a long-term contract with Qatar for the import of 8.5 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of LNG.
  • Uncertainty for Indian Expatriate Community: Qatar hosts a significant Indian expatriate community, and their well-being is a matter of concern for both governments.
  • Loss of Business Confidence: The case could erode business confidence between the two countries.

Do You Know?

  • Qatar is the world’s largest exporter of LNG.

The Way Forward:

Efforts have been made to address the situation, including high-level talks and engagements between the leaders of both countries. There is an existing agreement between India and Qatar regarding the transfer of convicted prisoners, which might provide a potential solution.



World Energy Outlook 2023

Why in the news?

The World Energy Outlook is an annual report published by the International Energy Agency (IEA).

About the World Energy Outlook

  • It was launched in 1998 by the International Energy Agency.
  • It is the world’s most authoritative source of energy analysis and projections.
  • The report examines the current state of the energy market, evaluates the energy transition, assesses the environmental impact, and projects future energy demand, production, and consumption.

Key Findings of the World Energy Outlook 2023 for India

  • India is set to witness the highest energy demand growth of any country or region in the world over the next three decades.
  • India’s power consumption will exceed that of all of Africa.
  • India’s annual CO2 emissions are expected to rise nearly 30% by 2050, which is one of the largest increases in the world.
  • India’s energy supply is expected to rise to 60.3 exajoules (EJ) by 2050.

About the International Energy Agency (IEA):

  • International Energy Agency (IEA) is a Paris-based autonomous intergovernmental organisation established within the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
  • It was founded in 1974 in response to the 1973 oil crisis, and its mission is to provide authoritative information and analysis on energy markets and policies to its member countries and the world.

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