Why in news?
Union Minister of Earth Sciences, Kiren Rijiju, unveils the remarkable development of India’s Technological Achievement, Acquisition of ‘AIRAWAT,’ the Fastest Supercomputer.
- ‘AIRAWAT’ is India’s AI Supercomputer and the Promise of Technological Advancement.
- Installation of ‘AIRAWAT’ at C-DAC, Pune, symbolizes India’s strides in AI supercomputing.
- Investment of Rupees 900 crore in the acquisition of cutting-edge supercomputer.
- Scheduled to commence operations by March next year.
- Garnering the 75th position in the globally recognized Top 500 Global Supercomputing List.
- Acclaimed at the esteemed International Supercomputing Conference held in Germany.
- India’s dominance in AI Supercomputing affirmed on a global scale.
- Unleashing Enhanced Weather Monitoring and Forecasting Capabilities.
- Revolutionary weather monitoring mechanism featuring the highest resolution of probabilistic forecast.
- Remarkable improvement in forecasting precision from 12 to 6 kilometers.
- Significantly outperforming India’s current fastest supercomputer, ‘Mihir,’ with nearly three times the capability.
- Transformative Implications Across Multiple Sectors and Society.
- State-of-the-art facility poised to benefit all sectors and segments of society.
- Direct and far-reaching advantages for individuals stemming from this institution.
- India’s leadership in extending weather forecasting capabilities to neighboring nations.
India’s Meteorological Advancements and Science & Technology Progression
Rapid strides in India’s weather forecasting capabilities, catapulting it to the forefront and Pioneering advancements in the application of Science & Technology within the country.Elevating India’s standing in the global landscape of technological innovation.
Expanding Weather Forecasting Capacities to Neighboring Countries
Actively sharing cutting-edge weather forecasting capabilities with neighboring nationsas well as Spearheading regional and global initiatives in comprehensive weather monitoring. Reinforcing India’s commitment to collaborative meteorological efforts.
- Pioneering AI for Societal and Economic Transformation.
- Unleashing the power of AI technology to empower citizens and organizations.
- Tackling pressing societal and economic challenges through AI-driven solutions.
- Propelling India’s commitment to creating a better world through transformative AI applications.
GS I AND GS II
Symbolic ‘Sengol’ Sceptre
Why in news?
- The upcoming inauguration of the new Parliament building will feature the installation of the ‘Sengol’ sceptre, a significant item.The sceptre symbolizes the transfer of power from British colonial rule and represents authority and excellence.
C Rajagopalachari’s Role in Suggesting the ‘Sengol’ Sceptre
- C Rajagopalachari played a crucial role in suggesting the use of the ‘Sengol’ sceptre for the symbolic transfer of power.
- Inspired by similar ceremonies in the Chola dynasty, Rajagopalachari believed the ‘Sengol’ would be a fitting symbol for India.
- Lord Mountbatten, the then Viceroy of British India, sought Rajaji’s advice on a suitable symbol.
- During the transfer of power ceremony, the new ruler receives the ‘aanai’ order, which signifies the responsibility to govern with adherence to the principles of ‘dharma.’
- The ‘aanai’ order emphasizes the importance of justice and fairness in the governance of the nation.
Craftsmanship by Vummidi Bangaru Chetty: Crafting the ‘Sengol’ Sceptre
- The task of crafting the historic ‘Sengol’ sceptre was undertaken by Vummidi Bangaru Chetty, renowned jewellers based in Chennai.
- Meticulous design was employed in creating the five-foot-long sceptre, which features the majestic figure of Nandi, the divine bull.
- Nandi symbolizes ‘nyaya’ and represents the ideals of justice and fairness.
Momentous Occasion: The Sacred Transfer of Power
On August 14, 1947, a significant and historic occasion took place as three priests from a religious body in Tamil Nadu’s Tanjore district carried the ‘Sengol’ sceptre with great reverence.
This sacred ceremony marked the transfer of power from the British colonial rule to an independent India, with Jawaharlal Nehru receiving the ‘Sengol’ sceptre as a symbol of the nation’s newfound sovereignty.
Tamil Classic ‘Thirukkural’
Why in news?
- During Narendra Modi’s visit to Papua New Guinea, the Tamil classic ‘Thirukkural’ was released in Tok Pisin, showcasing the commitment to cultural exchange and mutual understanding between the two nations.This initiative serves as a bridge connecting India’s rich literary heritage with the people of Papua New Guinea, allowing them to explore the wisdom and values encapsulated in the Thirukkural.
Tok Pisin: The Lingua Franca of Papua New Guinea
- Tok Pisin is the widely spoken lingua franca in Papua New Guinea, known by approximately three-quarters of the country’s population, particularly in urban areas.
- Initially a pidgin language, Tok Pisin has evolved into a creole language, gaining structure and following specific rules.
Evolution of Pidgin and Creole Languages
- Pidgin languages are created when people speaking different languages need to communicate for specific reasons, often resulting in a simplified grammar and vocabulary derived from multiple languages.
- Over time, some pidgin languages can evolve into creole languages, which have more structure and specific rules.
Tok Pisin’s Linguistic Tapestry
- Tok Pisin’s vocabulary primarily originates from English but has expanded to incorporate words from German, Kuanua, Malay, and Portuguese, reflecting the historical interactions and cultural exchanges that have shaped Papua New Guinea.
Historical Origins of Tok Pisin
- The early contact between Melanesians and Europeans in the 1800s led to the development of simplified English as a means of communication, known as early Melanesian Pidgin.
- With the movement of laborers between different regions, including Queensland and Samoa, the pidgin language diversified into slightly different varieties, eventually stabilizing and changing under the influence of local indigenous languages.
- Today, Tok Pisin is spoken in various forms across different countries, including Papua New Guinea, where it is recognized as an important language in the country’s constitution.
Tok Pisin’s Growing Importance
- Tok Pisin has expanded beyond its original functions and is now used in religious contexts, newspapers, and radio broadcasting.
- In urban areas of Papua New Guinea, where intermarriage between different language groups is common, Tok Pisin is increasingly becoming the primary language for children, a process known as nativization.
- Recognized as a national language in Papua New Guinea’s constitution, Tok Pisin is utilized in parliamentary debates alongside English, highlighting its significance in the country.