GS PAPER I NEWS
Somnath Circuit House
Why in News
- The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, inaugurated the new Circuit House in Somnath, Gujarat through video conferencing.
- Addressing a public meeting on the occasion, the Prime Minister congratulated the Government of Gujarat, the Somnath Temple Trust and the devotees for the inauguration of the Somnath Circuit House.
- The Prime Minister said that in the last 7 years, the country has worked relentlessly to realize the potential of tourism.
- This development of tourist centers today is not just a part of the government plan, but a campaign of public participation. The country’s heritage sites are a great example of the development of our cultural heritage. He listed measures such as 15 themed tourist circuits.
- For example, places related to Lord Rama can be visited in the Ramayana circuit. A special train has been started for this.
- The Prime Minister informed that a special train is being run from Delhi tomorrow to visit Divya Kashi. Similarly Buddha Circuit is making it easy to travel to places related to Lord Buddha. Visa rules for foreign tourists have been relaxed and tourist destinations have been given priority in the vaccination campaign.
- Four things are necessary to increase tourism
- The Prime Minister said that today the country is looking at tourism in a holistic way. In today’s time, four things are necessary to increase tourism. First cleanliness- Earlier our tourist places, holy pilgrimage places were also unhygienic. Today Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has changed this picture.
- The Prime Minister said that the second important element to increase tourism is convenience. But the scope of facilities should not be limited to tourist places only.
- Facility of transport, internet, correct information, medical system should be of all kinds and in this direction also all-round work is being done in the country.
- Shri Modi said that the third important aspect of increasing tourism is time. Today is the era of Twenty-Twenty. People want to cover maximum space in minimum time. The Prime Minister said that the fourth and very important thing to increase tourism is our thinking. Our thinking needs to be new and modern. But at the same time how proud we are of our ancient heritage, it also matters a lot.
- The Prime Minister advised not to limit his call to ‘Vocal for Local’, to be vocal for the local.
- He said that the call also includes local tourism. He reiterated his request to the people to visit at least 15-20 tourist places in India before going on any tourist destination abroad.
GS PAPER II
Jyoti merger ceremony at National Summer Memorial
Why in News
- In a grand ceremony today, the Amar Jawan Jyoti was merged with the Eternal Jwala at the National War Memorial with full military honors.
- Hon’ble Prime Minister inaugurated the National War Memorial on 25 February 2019 and dedicated it to the nation.
- This memorial is a testimony to the sacrifices made by our brave soldiers since independence.
- The memorial has an eternal flame that exemplifies the supreme sacrifice made by a soldier in the performance of his duty thus making him immortal.
- Since its inauguration, all tribute ceremonies, including National Day, are being held only at the National Summer Memorial.
- The function was presided over by Chief of Integrated Defense Staff Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee (CISC) Air Marshal BR Krishna AVSM SC.
National War Memorial construction
- The National War Memorial, located near India Gate, has been constructed in an area of more than 40 acres and the names of more than 26 thousand Indian soldiers who died for independent India are recorded.
- There is also a National War Museum. Amar Jawan Jyoti was established in the memory of the Indian soldiers who were martyred in the Indo-Pak war of 1971.
- India was victorious in this war and Bangladesh was formed. It was inaugurated on 26 January 1972 by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
- There is a memorial in honor of all the soldiers at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate. Here the rifle and the soldier’s helmet are mounted on marble.
GS PAPER II
Foundation Days of Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura
Why in News
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi greeted the people of Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura on the foundation day of Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura on January 21, 2022 and praised their contribution to the development of the country. Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura are celebrating their foundation day on 21st January.
- They got full statehood on January 21, 1972.
- The three states were formed in 1972.
- Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura got the status of states on January 21 in 1972. Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura were granted the status of separate states on 21 January 1972 under the North Eastern Region (Reorganization) Act 1971.
- Foundation Day of Tripura: The foundation day of Tripura is celebrated on 21st January. Tripura attained full statehood on 21 January 1972.
- Tripura is a state in India. Tripura is located in the northeastern part of South Asia.
- Tripura has an area of only 10,486 sq km and is the third smallest state in India after Goa and Sikkim.
- Foundation Day of Meghalaya: Every year on 21st January, Meghalaya’s foundation day is celebrated. Meghalaya was granted full statehood on January 21, 1972.
- The former princely states of Tripura and Manipur were merged into India in the year 1949.
- Foundation Day of Manipur: Manipur is a northeastern state of India. Its capital is Imphal. The meaning of Manipur is ‘Land of Ornaments’. It was a princely state before the independence of India.
- This state has abundant reserves of natural resources. The natural look here is worth seeing.
GS PAPER II
National Girl Child Day
Why in News
- Every year National Girl Child Day is celebrated across the country on 24 January.
- The main objective of this day is to provide maximum assistance and facilities to the girls of the country in every respect.
- Apart from this, another main objective of National Girl Child Day is to make people aware about the discrimination faced by girls.
- This step of the central government behind celebrating National Girl Child Day is to promote the importance of young girls. Now, the time has come to give them their due rights.
- The Central Government has brought many Acts and made many amendments in the Constitution to bring equality in the society. The main objective behind celebrating Girl Child Day is to provide assistance and opportunities in different ways to the girls.
- There has been an important reason to celebrate 24 January every year as Girl Child Day.
- On this day in the year 1966, Indira Gandhi was sworn in as the first woman Prime Minister of the country. This day was an important event in Indian history in terms of women empowerment.
- Therefore, it has been decided to celebrate this day later as ‘National Girl Child Day’.
- The Central Government has started National Girl Child Day as a campaign to bring equality in the society.
- The objective of this campaign is to make girls aware across the country. At the same time, its main objective is also to tell people that women have equal contribution in the building of society.
- Many programs are organized under National Girl Child Day.
- In this event, programs like save girl campaign, right sex ratio and creating a self-sustaining and safe environment for girls are organized.
- National Girl Child Day is celebrated in India on 24 January every year.
- This day was started in the year 2008 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development and Government of India. National Girl Child Day was first celebrated in the country on 24 January 2009.
GS PAPER II
District Good Governance Index
Why in New
- The Union Home and Cooperation Minister Shri Amit Shah launched the District Good Governance Index (DGGI) in Jammu and Kashmir through virtual medium.
- In his address on the occasion, the Union Home Minister said that the day is important not only for Jammu and Kashmir but for the entire country because the new beginning that Jammu and Kashmir has made today will go to every state of the country and then to the country. A healthy competition of good governance will start in every district of the state.
- If good governance is to be taken to the grassroot level in true sense, for this the district is an important unit and unless there is good governance in the district, it has no meaning.
- Shri Amit Shah said that the competition between the districts through this Good Governance Index will be of great benefit to the general public of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Monitoring of policies, schemes and programs of the Central and State Governments have been included in this index.
- On the basis of this, when there will be competition in all the districts, then the level of services will also improve and this will bring a big change in Jammu and Kashmir.
- After the introduction of Good Governance Index, there was a healthy competition among the states and today the J&K District Good Governance Index, which is based on the Governance Index-2021, is now also providing people oriented good governance among the districts across the country. will have healthy competition.
- The index will also provide a ranking and comparative picture of the districts, which will help in assessing the district’s performance in which areas need more improvement.
- The assessment done by the District Gul Governance Index will set a good benchmark for improving the infrastructure as well.
- The J&K District Good Governance Index covers 10 sectors of governance and 58 indices with 116 data items, including agriculture services, commerce and industry, human resources, environment, justice and public security, social welfare and development.
GS PAPER II
Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar 2022
Why in New
- To recognize and honor the invaluable contribution and selfless service of individual and organizations in the field of disaster management in the country, an annual award named Subhas Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar has been established by the Government of India.
- The award is announced every year on 23 January, the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. As an award, Rs 51 lakh in cash and a certificate are given to the institute and Rs 5 lakh in cash and a certificate at the individual level.
- Nominations were invited for this year’s award from 1st July, 2021. Wide publicity was given for the award for the year 2022 through print, electronic and social media. 243 valid nominations were received from institutions and individuals under the award scheme.
- For the year 2022, (i) Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management (Institute Category) and (ii) Professor Vinod Sharma (Individual Category) have been selected for the Subhas Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar for outstanding work in Disaster Management. ,
- Following is a summary of the outstanding work of the 2022 awardees in the field of disaster management:
Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management (GIDM):
- The Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management, established in 2012, is working to enhance the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) capacity of Gujarat.
- Through a series of strategically designed capacity building programmes, GIDM has trained over 12,000 professionals on various topics related to multi-crisis risk management and mitigation during the pandemic.
- Some of the recent major initiatives include development of user-friendly Gujarat Fire Safety Compliance Portal and technology based Advanced COVID-19 Syndrome Surveillance (ACSYS) system as part of the COVID-19 surveillance efforts as a complement to the Integrated Disease Surveillance Project. Development etc.
Professor Vinod Sharma:
- Senior Professor at Indian Institute of Public Administration and Vice Chairman of Sikkim State Disaster Management Authority. He is the founding convener of the National Center for Disaster Management, now known as the National Institute of Disaster Management.
- He has worked tirelessly to include the subject related to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) as a major task on the national agenda.
- His pioneering work in DRR in India earned him international recognition and he is a key figure in the discipline of Disaster Management at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) and all other Administrative Training Institutes (ATIs).
- As the Vice-Chairman of the Sikkim State Disaster Management Authority, he has made Sikkim a model state in implementing the DRR by initiating Panchayat level preparedness plans to link climate change and DRR.
- He will also be honored with the award along with the awardees of the years 2019, 2020 and 2021 by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi at the ceremony to be held this evening to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.