GS PAPER II NEWS
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Why in News
- January 11, 2022 is the death anniversary of former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri. This is his 56th death anniversary.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri has left an indelible mark on the politics of India with his humble nature, soft spoken behavior and ability to connect with common people.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and Lokmanya Tilak.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri, who worked wholeheartedly for many decades for the country, is remembered for his efficiency, integrity and humble nature.
- ‘Shastri’ means scholar. The word ‘Shastri’ was associated with his name after he completed his graduation.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 02 October 1904 in Mughalsarai.
- He was the second Prime Minister of the country. His father passed away at the age of only one and a half years.
- During his tenure, he launched a national campaign to increase milk production in the country, which is known as ‘White Revolution’. He gave the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’.
- Many people lost their lives in a train accident during Shastri’s tenure as Railway Minister. He was so saddened by this that considering himself responsible for the accident, he resigned from the post of Railway Minister.
- When the Congress government was formed in 1946, he was appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary of Uttar Pradesh. He was jailed for the first time at the age of 17 during the non-cooperation movement.
- Under the leadership of Lal Bahadur Shastri, India gave a crushing defeat to Pakistan in the 1965 war.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri died under mysterious circumstances on the night of January 11, 1966, after signing an agreement to end the war with the President of Pakistan in Tashkent, Ayub Khan.
GS PAPER II
World Hindi Day
Why in News
- World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January. The main objective of World Hindi Day is to create a conducive environment for the promotion of Hindi across the world.
- Apart from India, it is also commonly spoken in many other countries.
- On this day unique programs for Hindi on various subjects are organized in all government offices.
- The main objective of World Hindi Day is to promote Hindi throughout the world. The main objective is to establish Hindi as an international language.
- Former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh had announced to celebrate Hindi Diwas on January 10 every year in the year 2006 for the promotion of Hindi.
- For the first time, World Hindi Day was celebrated on 10 January 2006. Since that time World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January.
- The first World Hindi Conference was held on 10 January 1975 in Nagpur. The World Hindi Conference was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the year 1975.
- Hindi has been given the status of official language in the country of Fiji. Hindi is taught in hundreds of universities around the world. Millions of people around the world speak Hindi.
- The Indian Embassy in Norway celebrated the first Hindi Day. The second and third Hindi Divas were organized under the aegis of Indian Norway Information and Cultural Forum under the chairmanship of writer Suresh Chandra Shukla.
- World Hindi Day is celebrated on 10 January and National Hindi Day is celebrated on 14 September. The main objective of both the days is the promotion of Hindi.
- The main objective of celebrating this day is to create awareness for the promotion of Hindi in the world and to present Hindi as an international language.
GS PAPER II
National Investigation Agency (NIA)
Why in News
- A fresh petition was filed in the Supreme Court on January 10, 2022, requesting the National Investigation Agency (NIA) to investigate the ‘security lapse’ during the recent visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Punjab.
- The Court agreed to constitute an independent committee on January 10, 2022.
- The Supreme Court has said that it will constitute a panel headed by a former judge of the apex court to probe the matter.
- Simultaneously, the committees constituted by the Central and State Governments were prohibited from investigating the matter of ‘security lapse’.
- The decision comes days after an alleged ‘security breach’ resulted in PM Modi’s convoy being halted at the Punjab Flyover for over 20 minutes.
- The Prime Minister was visiting the state to inaugurate several development projects.
- Constituted under the chairmanship of a former SC judge
- Chief Justice of the Supreme Court N.V. The bench headed by Ramana also indicated that the ongoing inquiry by both the Center and the Punjab government should be put on hold for the time being. The court said that it will pass a detailed order in this matter.
- The court has constituted this panel under the chairmanship of a former SC judge.
- After hearing the matter, a bench headed by Chief Justice of the Supreme Court NV Ramana said that the court would constitute a committee to inquire into the security breach by the Prime Minister.
- The Supreme Court has also asked the Center and the Punjab government not to pursue their respective investigations.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi was about to reach Firozpur in Punjab and lay the foundation of many projects.
- For this the National Martyrs Memorial was being taken by road. But at some distance from the venue, the farmers had blocked the road while protesting.
- Due to this the Prime Minister’s convoy was stuck on the flyover for 15-20 minutes. After this Prime Minister Modi had to return.
National Investigation Agency:
- The National Investigation Agency is a federal investigative agency set up by the Government of India to combat terrorism in India.
- It acts as the central counter-terrorism law enforcement agency.
- The agency is empowered to deal with terror related crimes in the states without special permission from the states.
- The agency came into existence with the enactment of the National Investigation Agency Bill 2008, an Act passed by the Parliament of India on 31 December 2008.
GS PAPER II
Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA)
Why in News
- According to the new order of the Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA), now all private offices in Delhi will be closed, everyone will have to follow work from home.
- The DDMA in its revised guidelines on January 11, 2022 has announced that all private offices in Delhi will remain closed, except those under the exempted category.
- The COVID guidelines in Delhi also mention that all bars and restaurants will remain closed and only takeaways will be allowed.
- Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on January 11, 2022 had also announced special Yoga/Pranayama classes to be brought by the Delhi government for COVID-19 patients in home isolation.
- Announcing this, the Chief Minister said that yoga increases immunity. He said that the link of the classes would be sent to the COVID patients and classes would start in different batches from January 12.
- The DDMA on January 10, 2022 had banned eating in restaurants along with closing bars to check COVID-19 infection. However, DDMA has not yet taken the decision to impose lockdown in Delhi.
- In a meeting of the DDMA chaired by the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, Anil Baijal, it was discussed how to strictly implement the existing restrictions to prevent the spread of the corona virus and its new Omicron variant.
- In the order of DDMA, exemption has been given to private offices connected with essential services. It is worth noting that till now due to Corona virus, till now all private offices in Delhi were working with 50 percent working capacity.
- All other employees were working from home. Now under the new guidelines, the offices will have to be completely closed and all the employees will now work from home. The infection of Kovid-19 in Delhi seems to be going out of control now.