GS PAPER II NEWS
“Mobile Honey Processing Van”
Why in News
- KVIC launched the country’s first mobile honey processing van at Sirora village in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.
- Mobile Honey Processing Van is a major achievement under KVIC Honey Mission which aims at training beekeepers, distributing bee boxes to farmers and helping educated and unemployed youth of villages to earn extra income through beekeeping activities Is.
- In keeping with the Prime Minister’s vision of “Sweet Revolution” through honey production, KVIC has introduced this unique innovation to enable beekeepers and farmers to get fair price for their honey produce.
- The Mobile Honey Processing Van is designed in such a way that it will process the honey of the beekeepers at their doorstep, thus reducing the hassle and cost of transporting the honey for processing to the processing centers located in distant cities.
- It will make beekeeping more profitable for small beekeepers, while maintaining the highest quality standards and purity of honey.
- Transportation of honey to processing plants is an expensive affair for small farmers and beekeepers. To avoid high transportation costs and processing costs, most beekeepers sold their raw honey to agents at very low prices on their own farms.
- As a result, these beekeepers were not able to reap the real monetary benefits of beekeeping.
- This mobile honey processing van is expected to benefit beekeepers in rural areas of states like Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab and Rajasthan.
- Mobile Honey Processing Vans will visit various honey bees in these states, where beekeepers will be able to get their honey processed at a nominal fee and that too at their doorsteps. This honey processing unit also consists of a laboratory technician and a technical assistant to test the honey.
- It is also worth mentioning that under the Honey Mission, KVIC has so far distributed around 1.60 lakh bee boxes across the country and created more than 40,000 jobs.
- Only in Western Uttar Pradesh region where flora is abundant, KVIC has distributed about 8000 bee boxes to farmers and beekeepers, thereby increasing their income manifold and increasing the crop yield through inter-pollination.
GS PAPER II
Prime Minister’s security lapse
Why in News
- The Supreme Court has made strict remarks during the hearing on the matter of lapse in the security of Prime Minister Narendra Modi on January 5 in Ferozepur, Punjab.
- The Supreme Court said that we are serious about the security of the Prime Minister. Supreme Court Center said that the government and the state government should consider their committee. Stopping PM Modi’s convoy is wrong.
- The Supreme Court said during the hearing that it is serious about the security of the PM. The court will next hear on PM’s security on January 10, 2022. The court ordered that all records relating to the case shall be kept with the Registrar General, Punjab and Haryana High Court.
- Solicitor General Tushar Mehta told the court that negligence in PM’s security comes in the category of rarest of rare cases.
- Hearing was held on 07 January 2022 in the Supreme Court on the security lapse of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Punjab. In this application filed by senior advocate Maninder Singh, the issue of lapse in security of the PM has been raised. The petition has demanded a judicial inquiry into the entire matter.
Prime Minister’s Security
- The responsibility of the security of the Prime Minister lies with the SPG. After the amendment in the SPG Act, this agency is only responsible for the security of the Prime Minister.
- This commando force is responsible for providing close security to the Prime Minister. This means that the immediate circle around the PM is of SPG personnel.
- ASL or Advanced Security Liaison is also done by SPG. This means that every minute of the Prime Minister’s itinerary is documented and monitored by officials of the central agency.
- This minute-to-minute program is conducted by the local police during the visit of the Prime Minister to any state, but it is monitored by the SPG officers.
- ASL also includes clearing the venue and the route to be taken by the PM.
- Although the proximate security is the responsibility of the SPG, the perimeter is guarded by the state police if the Prime Minister is to visit.
- This means that the route the prime minister is going to take is finalized by the state police and then shared with the SPG.
- When the Prime Minister attends a program, large teams ranging from the SPG to the state police and local intelligence agencies are deployed.
- Only Prime Minister Modi gets the security of SPG. That is, 1 every day under their protection. 17 crores, 4 every hour. 90 lakhs and Rs 8,160 is spent every minute.
- There are state-of-the-art vehicles in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s convoy. First of all there is advance security car. Next comes the Advance Pilot Car. Then at number three is the pilot car. Behind the pilot car is the direct security car. After that the VIP car is included in the convoy.
- The vehicle in which Prime Minister Narendra Modi sits consists of two armored BMW 7 Series sedans, six BMW X5s and a Mercedes-Benz ambulance along with a dozen more.
- It is completely bulletproof and it is not affected by gun bullets and bomb blasts.
- The Prime Minister’s convoy is also accompanied by a jammer vehicle, which is capable of defuse any device within a radius of 100 meters on either side of the road.
- A dummy car also runs in the Prime Minister’s convoy, so that the attacker can be misled. About 100 jawans are involved in PM’s convoy.
GS PAPER II
Mainpur Sainik School
Why in News
- The Yogi Adityanath government of Uttar Pradesh has made a big announcement. Mainpur Sainik School will now be known as the country’s first Chief of Defense Staff CDS General Bipin Rawat.
- CDS Bipin Rawat died in an army helicopter crash in December 2021. The Chief Minister said that this would be a true tribute to the martyr General Rawat. This will inspire the youth.
- Sainik School of Mainpuri in Uttar Pradesh will now be known as General Bipin Rawat Sainik School. Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath announced this on 06 January 2022.
- Paying homage to the immortal son of Mother Bharati, the country’s first Chief of Defense Staff General Bipin Rawat, the Sainik School in Mainpuri district has been renamed as General Bipin Rawat Sainik School.
- Paying homage to the immortal son of Mother Bharati, the country’s first CDS General Bipin Rawat, the Sainik School located in Mainpuri district has been named ‘General Bipin Rawat Sainik School’.
- The country’s first Chief of Defense Staff General Bipin Rawat, his wife Madhulika Rawat and 12 other Army officers were killed in a helicopter crash on December 8 near Coonoor in Tamil Nadu.
- Mainpuri based Sainik School was started on 01 April 2019. The school was established on the basis of an agreement signed on 30 April 2015 between the Government of Uttar Pradesh and the Ministry of Defence.
GS PAPER II
Philippines bans child marriage
Why in News
- The Philippines government has banned child marriage by making it a law. The law banning child marriage has come into effect from 06 January 2022. Now, for marrying a girl younger than 18 years, the parents can be jailed for up to 12 years.
- The law specifies that the state treats child marriage as a practice that constitutes child abuse, undermines, humiliates and degrades the essential value and dignity of children.
- Until now, one in six girls in the Philippines was married off before the age of 18.
- According to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) data, the Philippines ranks 12th among countries around the world in terms of marriage of minor girls. 15 percent of girls in the Philippines are married before their 18th birthday.
- At the same time, 2 percent more girls are married before the age of 15.
- President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines has signed a law outlawing child marriage on January 06, after which this law has become effective.
- According to the law, marrying or living in a girl child under the age of 18 can be punished with a jail term of 12 years.
- People who marry young girls and persuade them to marry will also have to undergo this punishment.
- The Philippines government says that this law is in accordance with international rules protecting the rights of women and children.
- Child marriage is seen as an exploitative practice of minors, which violates the dignity and inner values of children.
- However, some rules of this law have been suspended for a year, with exemptions for Muslims and some local communities. The government said the law complies with international agreements on the rights of women and children.
GS PAPER II
Election code of conduct
Why in News
- The assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Goa and Manipur have been formally announced on 08 January 2022. With this announcement, the model code of conduct has come into force in five states. In the country where the cases of corona are increasing rapidly, it is challenging to hold elections in big states.
- The term of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly is ending on 14 May 2022. In such a situation, before May 14, the process of forming the assembly and the new government has to be completed.
- There are total 403 assembly seats in Uttar Pradesh. The last election was held in February-March 2017 and BJP led NDA returned to power winning 325 seats and Yogi Adityanath was sworn in as Chief Minister on 19 March 2017.
- The five states where assembly elections are to be held include Uttar Pradesh as well as Uttrakhand, Punjab, Goa, Manipur.
- Assembly elections in these states are going to be held at a time when the cases of corona virus infection have once again increased rapidly across the country.
- All employees engaged in election duty will be considered as frontline workers. They will be given both doses of corona vaccine as well as a booster dose. At the same time, complete arrangements for sanitization will be done at all the polling booths.
- About 18 in the assembly elections of these five states. 34 crore voters will exercise their voting rights. There 24. There will be 9 lakh voters who will be going to vote for the first time in an election.
- The commission said that there will be only women in 1620 polling stations. There will be more than 2 lakh 15 thousand polling stations in these elections.
- The Election Commission has banned all types of padyatras, bike rallies, cycle rallies, rallies, and public meetings till January 15 in view of the Corona cases.